786

International Silat Federation of America & Indonesia

Silat Tuo, Silat Tradisional,

Silat Minangkabau





Glossary of Indonesian Terms

adik:
adik: younger brother or sister

aduk:
aduk, mengaduk: stir, mix

agak:
agak: rather

agama:
agama: religion

air:
air: water; berair: juicy

ajak:
ajak: invite, encourage

ajar:
ajar, mengajar: teach; belajar: study; pelajari: study something; pelajar: student

akan:
akan: will, intend to; about, relating to

akhir:
akhir: last; terakhir: the last; akhirnya: finally

aksi:
aksi: action

alam:
alam: nature, natural; ilmu alam: natural science

alat:
alat: tool, instrument

ambil:
ambil, mengambil, ambilkan: take, pick up; ambil bagian: take part

anak:
anak: child, son or daughter

antara:
antara: between, among

antarkota:
antarkota: intercity, between cities

antik:
antik: antique, old

apa saja:
apa saja: whatever

apa:
apa: what; mengapakan: do what with, do something with

apalagi:
apalagi: what's more, especially, above all

apel:
apel: apple

api:
api: fire; kereta api: railway train

arti:
arti, berarti, artinya: meaning, mean

asal:
asal, asalnya: place of origin, home

asing:
asing: foreign

asli:
asli: original, indigenous, native

asrama:
asrama: dormitory, student residence

atas:
atas: top; di atas: on top of, above

atau:
atau: or

ayah:
ayah: father

ayam:
ayam: chicken, hen

babi:
babi: pig; babi hutan: wild boar

baca:
baca, membaca: read

bagaimana:
bagaimana: how; "how about..."

bagian:
bagian: part, section; ambil bagian: take part

bagus:
bagus: good, high-quality

bahan:
bahan: ingredient

bahasa:
bahasa: language; berbahasa: speak (a language)

baik:
baik: good, OK, well, fine

bajaj:
bajaj (pronounced "bajai"): three-wheeled motorised taxi

bakat:
bakat: talent

baku:
baku: official, standard, main, basic

balik:
balik: go back, return

balon:
balon: balloon

bangun:
bangun, membangun: build; dibangun: be built; also bangun: wake up

bantu, bantuan:
bantu, bantuan: help

banyak:
banyak: a lot, lots, a great deal; kebanyakan: majority

bapak:
bapak: father, older man

barang:
barang: thing, article

barangkali:
barangkali: perhaps, maybe

barat:
barat: west

baru:
baru: new; just, just recently

batang:
batang: trunk (of a tree); counter for cylindrical objects

bawa:
bawa, membawa: take, carry

bawah:
bawah: below: di bawah: underneath, below

bayangan:
bayangan: shadow

bayar:
bayar: pay

beberapa:
beberapa: several

becak:
becak: bicycle taxi

beda:
beda: be different; perbedaan: difference

begitu:
begitu: in that way

bekerja:
see "kerja"

belajar:
see "ajar"

belakang:
belakang: behind, rear; washroom

Belanda:
Belanda: The Netherlands, Holland, Dutch

belanja:
belanja: go shopping, shop for something, buy

beli:
beli, membeli: buy, purchase

belum:
belum: not yet

bemo:
bemo: minibus (public transport); also kjang and oplet

benar:
benar: correct, right

benda:
benda: thing; kata benda: noun

bentuk:
bentuk: shape, form

berangkat:
berangkat: depart, leave

berapa:
berapa: how many; beberapa: a few

berarti:
see "arti"

beras:
beras: (uncooked) rice

berat:
berat: heavy; beratnya: weight (of something)

berbagai:
berbagai: various

berbahasa:
berbahasa: can speak (a language)

berbeda:
see "beda"

berbicara:
see "bicara"

berbuah:
see "buah"

bercakap:
see "cakap"

berdikari:
berdikari (=berdiri atas kakinya sendiri): stand on your own two feet, be self-sufficient

berguna:
see "guna"

beri:
beri, memberi, memberikan: give, provide

berikutnya:
berijutnya: next, following, subsequent

berjalan:
see "jalan"

berkaitan:
berkaitan (dengan): be connected (with), be related (to)

berkeluarga:
see "keluarga"

berkualitas:
see "kualitas"

berlaku:
see "laku"

bermain:
see "main"

beroda:
see "roda"

bersalah:
see "salah"

bersama:
bersama: with, together

bersih:
bersih, membersihkan: clean

bertahap:
bertahap: in order, in sequence, one by one

bertamu:
see "tamu"

bertani:
see "tani"

berterus:
see "terus"

bertunangan:
see "tunangan"

tunangan:
tunangan: fiancé; bertunangan: engaged

berubah:
see "ubah"

berumur:
see "umur"

besar:
besar: large, big; membesarkan: make large, increase, make a big deal out of

besok:
besok: tomorrow

betul:
betul: right, correct; kebetulan: by accident, as it happens

biar:
biar, membiarkan, biarlah: leave (something) alone, forget about (something)

biasa:
biasa: ordinary, usual

biasanya:
biasanya: usually, normally

bicara:
bicara, berbicara: speak, talk; membicarakan: discuss, talk about

bilang:
bilang: say

bilangan:
bilangan: numerals, numbers

binatang:
binatang: animal

bioskop:
bioskop: movie theatre

bir:
bir: beer

biru:
biru: blue

bis:
bis: bus

bisa:
bisa: can, able to

bodoh:
bodoh: stupid

bola:
bola: ball

boleh:
boleh: may, can, allowed to (do something)

boneka:
boneka: puppet

brosur:
brosur: brochure, leaflet

buah:
buah: fruit; counter for some items; berbuah: (give) fruit

buat:
buat, membuat: make, do, create; pembuatan: making, creating

budaya:
budaya: cultural; kebudayaan: culture

buka:
buka, membuka: open

bukan:
bukan: no, not, not right

buku harian:
buku harian: diary

buku:
buku: book

bulan:
bulan: moon, month; berbulan-bulan: for months

bumbu-bumbu:
bumbu-bumbu: spices

bunga:
bunga: flower

burung:
burung: bird

busuk:
busuk: bad, rotten; membusuk: go bad, go rotten

cabe:
cabe: chilli pepper; cane rawit: bird's eye chilli

cakap:
cakap, bercakap, mencakap, percakapan: talk, chat

campur:
campur, mencampur: mix up

campuraduk:
campuraduk, mencampuraduk: jumble, mix up

candi:
candi: temple

cantik:
cantik: pretty, attractive, beautiful

canting:
canting: tool used to apply wax when making batik cloth

capai:
capai: tired

cara:
cara: way

cari:
cari, mencari: search for, look for

cegah:
cegah, mencegah: confront, combat, address (a problem)

cek:
cek: check (both "verify" and monetary cheque)

celana:
celana: trousers, pants

cepat:
cepat: quick, fast

cerita:
cerita, ceritera: story; menceritakan, bercerita: tell (a story)

Cina:
Cina: China

coba:
coba, mencoba: try, attempt

cocok:
cocok: suitable, appropriate

coklat:
coklat: brown

contoh:
contoh: example

corak:
corak: design, pattern, motif

cuaca:
cuaca: weather

cukup:
cukup: enough

cuma:
cuma: only, just

daerah:
daerah: area, region

daftar:
daftar: list; daftar isi: contents, index

dagang:
dagang: buying and selling; pedagang: merchant

daging:
daging: meat

dalam:
dalam: in, inside; dalam bahasa Inggris: in English

dalang:
dalang: wayang puppet master

dapat:
dapat: get, obtain; also "can"; mendapatkan: get hold of

dari:
dari: from

dasar:
dasar: basic, fundamental; berdasarkan: based on

datang:
datang: come, arrive; selamat datang: welcome; mendatangkan: bring; mendatangi: arrive at

daun:
daun: leaf

dekat:
dekat: near to

delapan:
delapan: eight

dengan:
dengan: with, by

dengar:
dengar, mendengar: hear; mendengarkan: listen to

depan:
depan: in front (of), before, next; masa depan: future

desa:
desa: rural village

desa:
desa: village

dewasa:
dewasa: adult

di:
di: at, in

dibangun:
see "bangun"

diberi(kan):
see "beri"

dicampuraduk:
see "campuraduk"

didik:
didik, mendidik: educate, teach; pendidikan: education

dingin:
dingin: cold; mendinginkan: make cold, cool

dipakai:
see "pakai"

diri:
diri: self

dong:
dong: exclamatory word -- "of course", or "you know".

dosen:
dosen: university lecturer, professor

dua belas:
dua belas: twelve

dua:
dua: two

duduk:
duduk: sit, sit down; penduduk: inhabitant

dulu:
dulu: first, before that

dunia:
dunia: world

empat:
empat: four

enak:
enak: tasty, delicious, enjoyable

enam:
enam: six

es:
es: ice

gado-gado:
gado-gado: Javanese dish made with peanut sauce

gambar:
gambar, gambaran: picture

gamelan:
gamelan: traditional Indonesian music played with gongs

ganti:
ganti: change, exchange

garam:
garam: salt

gedung:
gedung: hall, building

gelap:
gelap: dark

gelas:
gelas: glass (for drinking)

gemuk:
gemuk: fat

gender:
gender: traditional gamelan instrument

gesek:
gesek: scratch, friction; alat musik gesek: stringed instrument

gigi:
gigi: tooth, teeth

goreng:
goreng, menggoreng: fry, fried; nasi goreng: fried rice

gratis:
gratis: free, with no charge

gula:
gula: sugar

guna:
guna, menggunakan: use; berguna: useful

gunung:
gunung: mountain; gunung api: volcano

guru:
guru: teacher, instructor

habis:
habis: all finished, gone, over; menghabiskan: finish off

hadir:
hadir, menghadiri: be present at, attend, go to

hafal:
hafal, menghafal(kan): learn, know by heart

hal:
hal: thing

halaman:
halaman: page

hampir:
hampir: nearly, almost

hanya:
hanya: only

hapus:
hapus, menghapuskan: undo, erase, remove

harga:
harga, berharga: price, cost

hari:
hari: day

harus:
harus: must

hasil:
hasil: result, outcome

haus:
haus: thirsty

helai:
helai: counting word for thin sheets (e.g. paper or cloth); sehelai: one (sheet or cloth)

henti:
henti, berhenti, menghentikan: stop

hidangan:
hidangan: dish, kind of food; menghidangkan: serve, dish out

hidup:
hidup: live; kehidupan: life; menghidupkan: switch on, start up

hijau:
hijau: green

hilang:
hilang, menghilang: be lost, get lost; kehilangan: suffer the loss of

hitam:
hitam: black

honda:
honda: motorbike

hujan:
hujan: rain

hukum:
hukum: law

huruf:
huruf: letter (of the alphabet)

hutan:
hutan: forest, jungle; perhutanan: forestry

ibu:
ibu: mother, older woman

ikan:
ikan: fish

ikut:
ikut, mengikut, mengikuti: go along, follow, join in

ilmu:
ilmu: knowledge, science, scientific field

indah:
indah: beautiful

Inggris:
Inggris (Inggeris): England, English, Britain, British

ingin:
ingin: want to

isi:
isi, mengisi, pengisian: fill out, complete, fill in

isteri:
isteri: wife

istilah:
istilah: term, word, piece of jargon

jadi:
jadi, terjadi: happen; become; work as, be employed as

jagung:
jagung: corn

jahat:
jahat: bad, evil

jalan:
jalan: road; berjalan: walk, travel, go; perjalanan: trip, journey; menjalani: go along (a road); menjalankan: make go, drive

jalan-jalan:
jalan-jalan, berjalan-jalan: walk, go for a walk

jam:
jam: time, hour, clock, watch

jangan:
jangan: don't, please refrain from (doing something)

jatuh:
jatuh: fall, drop

jauh:
jauh: far, distant; menjauhi:go far from, avoid; menjauhkan: keep away from; jauh lebih: far more

jawab:
jawab, jawaban: answer, response

jelek:
jelek: bad, unpleasant

jemur:
jemur, menjemur: to dry

jenis:
jenis: type, kind; jenis kelamin: gender, sex

Jepang:
Jepang: Japan

jeruk:
jeruk: citrus fruit

jual:
jual, menjual: sell

juga:
juga: also, too

Jumat:
Jumat, hari Jumat (also Jum'at): Friday

jumlah:
jumlah: total

kabar:
kabar: news; surat kabar: newspaper

kacang:
kacang: bean; kacang tanah: peanut

kacau:
kacau: confused; mengacau(kan): stir up, confuse, mess up

kadang-kadang:
kadang-kadang: sometimes

kado:
kado: present, gift

kain:
kain: cloth

kak:
kak: short form of "kakak", used before a name

kakak:
kakak: elder sibling, elder sister

kakek:
kakek: grandfather

kaki lima:
kaki lima: sidwalk, sidewalk vendor

kaki:
kaki: leg; jalan kaki: walk

kalau:
kalau: if, how about

kali:
kali: time, occasion

kalimat:
kalimat: sentence

kamar:
kamar: room; kamar mandi: bathroom, washroom

Kamis:
Kamis, hari Kamis: Thursday

kampung:
kampung: village, home village

kampus:
kampus: campus

kamus:
kamus: dictionary

kanan:
kanan: right, right side

kantor:
kantor: office

kapal terbang:
kapal terbang: plane

kapal:
kapal, kapal laut: ship

kapan:
kapan: when

karena:
karena: because, since

kartu:
kartu: card; kartu pos: postcard

kasir:
kasir: cashier

kata:
kata: word; kata benda: noun; kata kerja: verb; kata kerja bantuan: auxiliary verb; kata sifat: adjective; kata keterangan: adverb; kata ganti diri: personal pronoun; kosa kata: vocabulary

kaum:
kaum: tribe, family, ethnic group, clan, group

kawan:
kawan: friend

kawin:
kawin, perkawinan: marry, be married, marriage

ke:
ke: to, towards

kebanyakan:
see "banyak"

kebudayaan:
see "budaya"

kebun:
kebun: garden or plantation

kedai:
kedai: small roadside stall for selling food etc.

kedutaan besar:
kedutaan besar: embassy

kehidupan:
see "hidup"

kehilangan:
see "hilang"

kejururawatan:
kejururawatan: nursing

kelapa:
kelapa: coconut

kelas:
kelas: class, classroom

kelihatannya:
see "lihat"

kelir:
kelir: screen

kelompok:
kelompok: group

keluarga:
keluarga: family; berkeluarga: have a family; keluarga berencana: family planning

kemarin:
kemarin: yesterday

kembali:
kembali: return, again; "don't mention it"

kenal:
kenal: know, be acquainted with

kendaraan:
kendaraan: vehicle

keras:
keras: loud, harsh, hard

kereta api:
kereta api: train

kering:
kering, mengeringkan: dry

keris:
keris, kris: traditional Javanese sword

kerja:
kerja, bekerja, pekerjaan: work; pekerja: worker; kata kerja: verb; kata kerja bantuan: auxiliary verb; pekerjaan rumah: homework

keroncong:
keroncong: a style of music popular in Indonesia

kertas:
kertas: paper

kesabaran:
see "sabar"

kesehatan:
see "sehat"

kesempatan:
see "sempat"

keterangan:
keterangan: explanation, description; kata keterangan: adverb

ketik:
ketik, mengetik: type (on a keyboard)

khawatir:
khawatir: worry

khusus:
khusus: special; mengkhususkan: specialize in

kijang:
kijang: deer; also minibus (public transport -- see oplet)

kira:
kira: guess, estimate, think; kira-kira: about, approximately

kiri:
kiri: left, left side; stop (on a bus -- i.e. "pull in to the left")

kirim:
kirim, mengirim: send; mengirimi: send to; mengirimkan: send something

klik:
klik, mengklik: click, click on, press

koleksi:
koleksi: collection

koper:
koper: briefcase

kopi:
kopi: coffee

korsi:
see "kursi"

kosa kata:
kosa kata: vocabulary

kosong:
kosong: empty, blank; mengosongkan: to empty

kota:
kota: city

kotak:
kotak: box

kraton:
kraton: palace

kris:
see "keris"

kualitas:
kualitas: quality; berkualitas: be of (high) quality

kue:
kue: cake

kulit:
kulit: skin, leather

kumpul:
kumpul, berkumpul, mengumpulkan: collect, gather

kuning:
kuning: yellow

kunjung:
kunjung, mengunjungi, kunjungan, berkunjung: visit

kupu-kupu:
kupu-kupu: butterfly

kurang:
kurang: less than, before, below

kursi:
kursi (or korsi): chair, seat

kursi:
kursi: chair, seat

kursus:
kursus: course

kurus:
kurus: thin, slim

ladang:
ladang: field (dry, not a wet paddy field)

lagi:
lagi: again, one more time

lahir:
lahir, melahir: be born; melahirkan: give birth (to); kelahiran: birth

lain:
lain: different

laki-laki:
laki-laki (also lelaki): boy, male, man

lakon:
lakon: play (in wayang theatre)

laku:
laku: popular, in demand; berlaku: valid, in effect; melakukan: do, make

lalu:
lalu: passed; yang lalu: ago

lama:
lama: long, length of time

lampu:
lampu: lamp

lancar:
lancar: fluent (e.g. in a language)

langit-langit:
langit-langit: ceiling

langkah:
langkah: step, stage

langsung:
langsung: immediately; berlangsung: go on, take place, happen

lap:
lap, melap: wipe with a cloth

lapangan:
lapangan: field

lapar:
lapar: hungry; kelaparan: hunger

lari:
lari, melari: run; berlari-larian: run around

lat:
lat: late

latihan:
latihan: exercise, practice

laut:
laut: sea, ocean

lawan:
lawan, lawan kata: opposite; berlawan: oppose, be opposite to; melawan: oppose

lebih:
lebih: more, more than, over

lemari:
lemari: cupboard, bookcase, shelf; lemari es: refrigerator

lengkap:
lengkap: complete, full, finished

letak:
letak: place; terletak: be located

lewat:
lewat, melewat(i): past, pass, pass through

lho:
lho: exclamatory word -- "you know", or something similar

libur:
libur, liburan: free, free time, vacation, holiday

licin:
licin: slippery

lihat:
lihat, melihat: see, look at; kelihatannya: it seems

lilin:
lilin: wax; melilin: apply wax

lilit:
lilit: bark, skin

lima:
lima: five

lombok:
lombok: chilli pepper

lombok:
lombok: chilli pepper

lowongan:
lowongan: space, blank space, empty space, hole

luar:
luar: outside; luar negeri: abroad; luar biasa: unusual

luas:
luas: wide, spacious; luasnya: area (of something)

lukis:
lukis: paint; lukisan: painting; melukis: to paint; pelukis: painter

macam:
macam, semacam: kind of, sort of, some kind of

mahal:
mahal: expensive, dear

mahasiswa:
mahasiswa: university student

main:
main, bermain, memainkan: play

makan:
makan, makanan: eat, food; makan waktu: take time

malam:
malam: late evening, night

malu:
malu: shy

mandi:
mandi: wash, bath, bathe

mangkok:
mangkok: bowl

manis:
manis: sweet-tasting; cute

marah:
marah: angry

masa:
masa: time, period, age, era; masa depan: future

masak:
masak, memasak: to cook; masakan: cookery

masalah:
masalah: problem, question, issue

masuk:
masuk, memasuki: enter, come in; memasukkan: put in, insert; termasuk: including

mata:
mata: eye

matahari:
matahari: sun

mau:
mau: want, wish

meja:
meja: table; meja tulis: (writing) desk

melahir(kan):
see "lahir"

melakukan:
melakukan: do, make

melengkapi:
see "lengkap"

melewat:
see "lewat"

melihat:
see "lihat"

memakai:
see "pakai"

membawa:
see "bawa"

membeli:
see "beli"

memberi(kan):
see "beri"

memberitahu:
see "tahu"

memilih:
see "pilih"

meminta:
see "minta"

mempertunjukkan:
see "tunjuk"

menari:
see "tari"

menarik:
menarik: interesting, attractive

menawar:
see "tawar"

mencakap:
see "cakap"

mendatar:
mendatar: horizontal, across (for crossword clues)

mendengar:
see "dengar"

menejer:
menejer: manager

menerus:
see "terus"

mengajak:
see "ajak"

mengajar:
see "ajar"

mengambil:
see "ambil"

mengapa:
mengapa: why

mengenai:
mengenai: about, relating to

menghadiri:
see "hadir"

menghidupkan:
see "hidup"

mengirim:
see "kirim"

mengisi:
see "isi"

meninggal:
meninggal: die, pass away

meninjau:
see "tinjau"

menulis:
see "tulis"

menunjuk:
see "tunjuk"

menurun:
menurun: falling (see "turun"); down (crossword clues)

menurut:
menurut: depending on, according to

menyusun:
see "susun"

merah:
merah: red

meroba:
see "roba"

merokok:
see "rokok"

mesin:
mesin: machine; mesin fotocopy: photocopier

Mesir:
Mesir: Egypt

mesjid:
mesjid: mosque

mesti:
mesti: have to, ought to

mewah:
mewah: luxury

Minggu:
Minggu, hari Minggu: Sunday

minggu:
minggu: week

minta:
minta, meminta: ask for, request

minum:
minum, minuman: drink

minyak:
minyak: oil

miskin:
miskin: poor

mobil:
mobil: car

motor:
motor: engine; also motorbike

muda:
muda: young

mulai:
mulai, memulai: start, begin

mula-mula:
mula-mula: at the beginning

mungkin:
mungkin: maybe, possible, possibly

murah:
murah: cheap, inexpensive

murid:
murid: student, pupil

naik:
naik: get on, ride on (e.g. bus); go up, rise; menaikkan: cause to rise

nama:
nama: name; menamakan: call, name

nanti:
nanti: later

nasi:
nasi: cooked rice

ndak:
ndak = tidak

negara:
negara: country

negeri:
negeri: nation, country; pegawai negeri: civil servant

nenek:
nenek: grandmother

nilai:
nilai: score; menilai: to judge, assess

Nusa Tenggara:
Nusa Tenggara: the southeastern islands of Indonesia

nyai:
nyai: concubine of a European

nyanyi:
nyanyi, menyanyi, bernyanyi: sing, song

obat:
obat: medicine, ointment

olahraga:
olahraga: sport, sports

oleh-oleh:
oleh-oleh: souvenir

omong-omong:
omong-omong: chatter, chat, talk

oplet:
oplet: minibus (public transport); also kijang

orang:
orang: person

orang:
orang: person

oranye:
oranye: orange (coloured)

orkes:
orkes: band, orchestra

pada:
pada: on, in, at, to

pagi:
pagi: morning

pakai:
pakai, memakai, dipakai: use; wear

pakai:
pakai, memakai: use, wear; pakaian: clothing; pemakaian: use, usage

paket:
paket: packet, parcel, package

paksa:
paksa, memaksa: force; terpaksa: forced to

paling:
paling: most, the most

palsu:
palsu: false

paman:
paman: uncle

panas:
panas: hot

panggil:
panggil, memanggilkan: call; panggilan: name

panjang:
panjang: long

papan tombol:
papan tombol: keyboard

papan tulis:
papan tulis: blackboard, chalkboard, whiteboard

paragraf:
paragraf: paragraph

parkir:
parkir: park

partikelir:
partikelir: private (of a school/institution)

pasang:
pasang, memasang: fix, attach

pasar:
pasar: market, marketplace

pasti:
pasti: certain, certainly

pedagang:
see "dagang"

pedas:
pedas: hot (i.e. spicy, of food)

pegawai:
pegawai: office worker; pegawai negeri: civil servant

pekerja:
see "kerja"

pel:
pel: tablet; mengepel: to mop

pelajar:
see "ajar"

pelajari:
see "ajar"

pemakaian:
see "pakai"

pemandangan:
pemandangan: view

pembantu:
pembantu: housemaid, domestic servant

pembuatan:
see "buat"

pemerintah:
pemerintah: government

pendapat:
pendapat: opinion; berpendapat (bahwa): be of the opinion (that)

pendek:
pendek: short (in height)

pendidikan:
see "didik"

penduduk:
see "duduk"

penerjemah:
see "terjemah"

pengangkutan:
pengangkutan: transportation

pengisian:
see "isi"

pensil:
pensil: pencil

penting:
penting: important

penulis:
see "tulis"

penumpang:
penumpang: passenger

penutur:
penutur: speaker (of a language)

perabot:
perabot: furniture

Perancis:
Perancis: France, French

perang:
perang: war

perang:
perang: war

perangko:
perangko: stamp

perbedaan:
see "beda"

percakapan:
see "cakap"

perempuan:
perempuan: woman, female

pergi:
pergi: go

perhutanan:
see "hutan"

perjalanan:
see "jalan"

perlu:
perlu, memerlukan: need

permisi:
permisi: "Excuse me!"

pernah:
pernah: ever; tidak pernah: never

perpustakaan:
perpustakaan: library

pertama:
pertama: first

pertunjukan:
see "tunjuk"

perut:
perut: stomach, abdomen

pesawat:
pesawat: piece of machinery; vehicle; plane (pesawat terbang)

petani:
see "tani"

petunjuk:
petunjuk: instructions, directions

pilih:
pilih, pilihan, memilih: choose, select

pimpinan:
pimpinan: leadership; memimpin: lead

pindah:
pindah, memindah(kan): move, move around

pinggir:
pinggir: edge, shore, side

pinjam:
pinjam, meminjam: borrow

pintar:
pintar: clever, good (at something)

pintu:
pintu: door, gate

piring:
piring: plate

pisang:
pisang: banana

pohon:
pohon: tree

pola:
pola: structure, shape, pattern

proses:
proses: process

pukul:
pukul: hit, beat

pukul:
pukul: hour, time

pula:
pula: also

pulang:
pulang: go home, go back

pulau:
pulau: island

puluh:
puluh: tens (e.g. tiga puluh = three tens = thirty)

punya:
punya, mempunyai: have

pusat:
pusat: centre

puskesmas:
puskesmas (=Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat): health centre

putih:
putih: white

Rabu:
Rabu, hari Rabu (also Rebo): Wednesday

rambut:
rambut: hair; berambut: with hair

rasa:
rasa; taste, feeling; merasa: feel, think; rasanya: it seems

ratus:
ratus: hundreds (e.g. tiga ratus = three hundred); ratusan: hundreds (of)

raya:
raya: great, large; merayakan: celebrate; perayaan: celebration, festival

Rebo:
see "Rabu"

rebus:
rebus, merebus: boil

rencana:
rencana: plan; rencana waktu: schedule

rendang:
rendang: a spicy Indonesian meat dish

repot:
repot: busy

resep:
resep: recipe

resmi:
resmi: official

ribu:
ribu: thousand (e.g. tiga ribu = 3,000)

rindu:
rindu: homesick

ringan:
ringan: light (in weight)

roba:
roba, meroba: change, transform, alter

roda:
roda: wheel; beroda (tiga): (three)-wheeled

rokok:
rokok, merokok: cigarette, smoke

romantis:
romantis: romantic

roti:
roti: bread

rumah:
rumah: house; perumahan: housing complex

rusak:
rusak: broken

sabar:
sabar: patient; kesabaran: patience

Sabtu:
Sabtu, hari Sabtu: Saturday

sado:
sado: horse-drawn carriage

saja:
saja: only, just

sakit:
sakit: sick

salah paham:
salah paham: misunderstanding

salah:
salah, bersalah: wrong

sama:
sama: the same; with

sambil:
sambil: while

sampai:
sampai, sampai ke: up to, to, as far as; arrive

sangat:
sangat: very, very much

santan:
santan: coconut oil

sapi:
sapi: cow; daging sapi: beef

sastra:
sastra: literature, letters

satu:
satu: one

saudara:
saudara: relative(s)

sawah:
sawah: rice field, paddy field

sayur:
sayur: vegetable: sayur-sayuran: vegetables

sebagai:
sebagai: as, in the role of

sebelah:
sebelah: side; di sebelah kiri: on the left

sebelas:
sebelas: eleven

sebelum:
sebelum: before

sebenarnya:
sebenarnya: actually, in fact

sebentar:
sebentar: a moment

sebuah:
see "buah"

secara:
secara: in (some) way

sedang:
sedang: in the process of (doing something)

sederhana:
sederhana: simple, basic

sedia:
sedia, menyediakan: ready, provide

sedikit:
sedikit: a little, a bit; sedikit demi sedikit: little by little

sehari-hari:
sehari-hari: everyday, ordinary

sehat:
sehat: healthy; kesehatan: health

sejarah:
sejarah: history

sekali:
sekali: very much, very

sekarang:
sekarang: now, at the moment

sekolah dasar:
sekolah dasar: elementary school

sekolah:
sekolah: school; bersekolah: study, go to school; menyekolahkan: educate, send to school

selama:
selama: for ___ amount of time

selamat:
selamat: safe; selamat datang: welcome

Selasa:
Selasa, hari Selasa: Tuesday

selatan:
selatan: south

selesai:
selesai, menyelesaikan: finish, end

seluruh:
seluruh: all, the whole of

semacam:
see "macam"

sembilan:
sembilan: nine

sempat:
sempat, kesempatan: chance

semua:
semua: all, every one

senang:
senang: happy, contented; menyenangkan: pleasant, pleasing

sengaja:
sengaja, dengan sengaja: on purpose

Senin:
Senin, hari Senin: Monday

seorang:
seorang: a person, someone

sepatu:
sepatu: shoe(s)

sepeda motor:
sepeda motor: motorbike

sepeda:
sepeda: bicycle

seperempat:
seperempat: quarter

seperti:
seperti: like, similar to

sepuluh:
sepuluh: ten

seratus:
seratus: a hundred

seribu:
seribu: a thousand

sering:
sering: often, frequently

seruling:
seruling: flute

sesisir:
sesisir (pisang): a "hand" (=bunch) (of bananas)

sesudah:
sesudah: after, following

setasiun:
setasiun: station

setempat:
setempat: of that place, native

setengah:
setengah: half

setiap:
setiap, tiap: each, every

sewa:
sewa, menyewa: rent, hire

siang:
siang: early afternoon

siapa:
siapa: who

sifat:
sifat: characteristic, feature; kata sifat: adjective

silakan:
silakan: please

silang:
silang: crosswise, intersecting; teka-teki silang: crossword puzzle

simpan:
simpan, menyimpan: put away, store

singkat:
singkat: short; singkatan: abbreviation

sisir:
sisir: bunch (eg of bananas); menyisir: to comb

skor:
skor: score

soda:
soda: fizzy drink

sop:
sop: soup

sopan:
sopan: polite

sore:
sore: late afternoon, early evening

soto:
soto: a kind of soup

Spanyol:
Spanyol: Spain, Spanish

suami:
suami: husband

suara:
suara: voice; menyuarakan: give voice to

suatu:
suatu: a certain (person or thing)

subur:
subur: fertile

sudah:
sudah: already

suka:
suka: like, like doing

sulit:
sulit: difficult

sungai:
sungai: river

suntik:
suntik, menyuntikkan: inject; suntikan: injection

supaya:
supaya: in order that

surat:
surat: letter (as in mail);l surat kabar: newspaper

susah:
susah: hard, difficult, problematic

susun:
susun, menyusun, susunan: sequence, put in order, arrange

tadi:
tadi: before, a little while ago, earlier on

tahan:
tahan (lama): last (a long time)

tahu:
tahu: know, be aware of; memberitahu(kan): tell, let someone know

tahun:
tahun: year

taksi:
taksi: taxi

tambah:
tambah, menambah: add

tamu:
tamu, bertamu: guest, be a guest

tanah:
tanah: land

tanam:
tanam, tanaman: plant; bertanam: to plant; mananami: plant (a field); menanamkan: plant (a crop)

tanda:
tanda: sign

tangan:
tangan: hand

tanggal:
tanggal: date

tani:
tani: farming; petani: farmer; bertani: farm

tanya:
tanya, pertanyaan: question; bertanya: ask; menanyakan: ask (about), query

tapi:
see "tetapi"

tari:
tari, menari, tarian: dance

tarik:
tarik: pull; menarik: attractive, interesting

taruh:
taruh, menaruh: put, place

tata:
tata: order, arrangement, system; tata bahasa: grammar

tawar:
tawar, menawar: bargain, haggle

tebal:
tebal: thick (in breadth)

tebang:
tebang, menebang: cut down, chop down

teduh:
teduh, berteduh: (take) shelter

teh:
teh: tea

teka-teki:
teka-teki: puzzle; teka-teki silang: crossword puzzle

teks:
teks: text

telah:
telah: already; setelah: after

teliti:
teliti: careful, detailed; meneliti: investigate, examine, study

telpon:
telpon: telephone

telpon:
telpon: telephone; menelpon, menelepon: call

tema:
tema: theme, subject, topic

teman:
teman: friend; berteman: friend

tempat tidur:
tempat tidur: bed

tempat:
tempat: place; setempat: of that place, native

temu:
temu, bertemu, menemukan: meet

tengah:
tengah: middle; tengah hari: midday

tentang:
tentang: about, with regard to

terakhir:
see "akhir"

terang:
terang: bright, clear; menerangkan: explain

terbang:
terbang, menerbang: fly

tergesa-gesa:
tergesa-gesa: in a hurry

teriak:
teriak, berteriak: shout, scream

terjadi:
see "jadi"

terjemah:
terjemah: translate; penerjemah: translator, interpreter

terka:
terka, menerka, terkaan: guess

terkenal:
terkenal: famous

terlalu:
terlalu: too much, too

terlambat:
terlabmat: late, tardy

terletak:
see "letak"

terlihat:
terlihat: appear, be seen (cf "lihat")

termasuk:
termasuk: including, include

tertentu:
tertentu: particular, certain, "a certain one"

terus:
terus, menerus(kan), berterus: continue, go on, next

terutama:
terutama: especially, mainly

tetangga:
tetangga: neightbour

tetapi:
tetapi: but, although

tiap:
see "setiap"

tidur:
tidur: sleep

tiga:
tiga: three

tindak:
tindak: act, action; tindakan: steps, measures

tinggal:
tinggal: live, stay

tinggi:
tinggi: tall, high

tinjau:
tinjau, meninjau, tinjauan: observe, observation; tinjauan kembali: review, revision

tipis:
tipis: thin, narrow (of things, not people)

toko:
toko: shop, store

tolong:
tolong, menolong: please, help

tombol:
tombol: button

tonton:
tonton, menonton: watch (a show, TV, etc.)

topi:
topi: hat

tradisionil:
tradisionil: traditional

tua:
tua: old

tujuh:
tujuh: seven

tukang:
tukang: doer or seller of something; skilled workman

tukar:
tukar, menukar, menukarkan, bertukar: exchange, swap, barter

tulis:
tulis, menulis: write; penulis: writer; tulisan: writing

tumbuh:
tumbuh: grow; tumbuhan: plant

tunggu:
tunggu, menunggu: wait, wait for

tunjuk:
tunjuk, menunjuk, tunjukkan, menunjukkan, pertunjukan: show, play, drama; mempertunjukkan: put on a show, stage

turis:
turis: tourist

turun:
turun, menurun, menurunkan: fall, go down, sink

tutup:
tutup, tertutup: close, closed, shut

uang:
uang: money, cash

ubah:
ubah, berubah, mengubah: change

ukir:
ukir, mengukir: carve; ukiran: carving, relief

ulang tahun:
ulang tahun: birthday

umum:
umum: general, public

umur:
umur, berumur: age, be ___ years old

undang:
undang, mengundang: invite, summon

ungu:
ungu: purple

untuk:
untuk: for; in order to

upacara:
upacara: ceremony

urut:
urut: put in order, arrange; urutan: arrangement, sequence

usaha:
usaha: action, initiative; mengusahakan: carry on, try, exert, take action

waktu:
waktu: time; rencana waktu: schedule; makan waktu: take time

wangi:
wangi, mewangi: perfumed, fragrant; wangi-wangian: perfumes, scents

wanita:
wanita: woman

warna:
warna: colour; berwarna: having (a) colour; mewarnakan, mewarnai: to colour

wartawan:
wartawan: journalist

warung:
warung: small cafe

watak:
watak: character

wayang kulit:
wayang kulit: traditional Indonesian shadow-puppet show

wayang:
wayang: traditional Indonesian puppet theatre

 

June 15th, 2008 by Staff

Posted in Updates | Edit | Comment »

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